USMARC : neue Format-Datenbank

Bernhard Eversberg EV at
Fr Mär 15 15:43:37 CET 1996

Hallo Liste,

Die nachfolgende message ist fuer die USMARC-Liste gedacht. Wir senden
sie im Originaltext auf Englisch, nicht nur weil die Zeit zum Uebersetzen
fehlt, sondern weil ohne Sprachkenntnisse die Benutzung eh nicht viel
Die Datenbank wurde neu zusammengestellt, aber aus importierten Original-
dokumentationsdaten, die auf dem FTP-Server der LC liegen.
Die gestern angekuendigte Sprachenliste ist darin enthalten (Reg. 9).
Spaeter soll die bisherige Format-Datenbank mit dieser vereinigt werden,
weil USMARC darin noch nicht vollstaendig war.

Achtung: unbedingt auf ein eigenes Verzeichnis kopieren, nicht auf 
C:\ALLEGRO. Die Datei A.CFG ist eine ganz andere und wurde nur deshalb
so genannt, damit APAC voellig ohne Optionen aufgerufen werden kann.
(USM.EXE ist in Wirklichkeit APAC.EXE! Es hat nur einen etwas vergroesserten
Aufbereitungsspeicher, damit bei langen Saetzen das Blaettern entfaellt.
Sie koennen dieses statt des bisherigen APAC einsetzen!) 

Hiermit haetten wir hoffentlich wieder mal was gegen die gefuerchtete
Wochenend-Langeweile getan.

MfG  B.E.


*===================================*                   Non-commercial
||  USMARC Documentation Database  ||
*===================================*                   Free of charge

Braunschweig University Library is making a new database available that
combines all five USMARC formats plus several standard tables used for
MARC records.

||  A.  What it is  ||

The database contains the complete and unadulterated LC files, as downloaded
from LC's FTP server, of the Concise USMARC documentation. The files used
are dated Dec.1, 1995. All of the 5 formats are presented in conveniently
combined indexes.
This product may be useful for everyday reference and for educational
purposes as well.

The tables incorporated into the database are these:
(Downloaded from the FTP server as well)

-- Country codes

-- Geographic area codes

-- Language codes (these have been extended, as reported earlier. 
     Provisional 4-letter codes have been introduced for new entries)

-- Relator codes (used in subfield $4 of name fields)

-- Form subheadings (Free-floating subdivisions)
   (These have been extracted from the "Cataloger's desktop" CD-ROM)

The database has four indexes:

1.  General alphabetical index
    All format elements: content designators, subfield and indicator names,
    AND all values defined for the fixed field positions in the leader
    as well as in the 0XX fields.

2.  Format index
    All tags and fixed field positions (the latter preceded with a ^)
    plus an alphabetical section of all content designators (which are
    also contained in index 1!)
    Letters have been added to the tags of the different formats:
       q  Community information format
       v  Holdings format
       w  Classification
       z  Authority
    Since all tags are interfiled, they can be differentiated this way.

3.  Subheadings
    Alphabetical index of the Form subheadings

4.  Tables
    All four tables mentioned above, in 5 sections:
    C Country Codes
    G Geographical areas
    L Languages
    R Relators
    combined alphabetical index to all 4 tables.

The record display has special functions best described on the help
screens that come up when using the database.

||  B.  Examples  ||

Here are a few screen examples:

TABLE INDEX, alphabetical section:

       Tables  (C = Countries, G = Geocodes, L = Languages, R = Relators)

   1   pohnpeian -> L pon
   1   poland -> C pl
   1==>poland -> G e-pl
   1   polish -> L pol
   1   polnisch -> L pol
   1   polski -> L pol
   1   polyglott -> L mul
   1   polynesia -> G pops
   1   polynesian -> L haw
   1   polynesian -> L mao
   1   polynesian -> L sao
   1   polynesian -> L tah
   1   polynesian -> L ton
   1   ponape -> L pon
   1   ponapeanisch, ponape-sprache -> L pon
   1   portugal -> C po
   1   portugal -> G e-po

   If you press <Enter> while the pointer points to  poland -> G e-pol,
   the screen will flip to the entry of  G e-pol  in section G:

TABLE INDEX Geocodes section:

   1   G e-no     Norway
   1==>G e-pl     Poland
   1   G e-po     Portugal
   1   G e-rm     Romania
   1   G e-sm     San Marino
   1   G e-sp     Spain
   1   G e-sw     Sweden
   1   G e-sz     Switzerland
   1   G e-uk     Great Britain
   1   G e-uk-en     England
   1   G e-uk-ni     Northern Ireland
   1   G e-uk-st     Scotland
   1   G e-uk-ui     Great Britain Miscellaneous Island Dependencies
   1   G e-uk-wl     Wales
   1   G e-ur     Soviet Union. Former Soviet republics

       Alphabetical index of all format elements and codes
   1   series place and publisher/issuing body    643z
   1   series statement    490
   1   series statement    490$a
   1   series statement of original    534$f
   1   series statement of reproduction    533$f
   1   series statement of reproduction    843v$f
   1   series statement/added entry--corporate name    410
   1   series statement/added entry--meeting name    411
   1   series statement/added entry--personal name    400
   1==>series statement/added entry--title    440
   1   series title    440q
   1   series tracing practice    645z
   1   series tracing practice    645z$a
   1   series-like phrase    008z^12=c
   1   service copy    007h^11=c
   1   services available note    576q
   1   services available note    576q$a
   1   settings    856$r
   1   settings    856v$r
   1   shading    006e^01-04=b
   1   shading    008e^18-21=b
   1   shelf location    090

If you press <Enter> with the pointer located at "series statement..."
you'll get this:


                        USMARC Integrated Format Database   

  Bibliographic format
                      [1] Alphabetical context    [2] Format context

            440   Series Statement/Added Entry--Title (R)
        1st: Undefined; contains a blank (#)  

        2nd: Nonfiling characters
             0-9   Number of nonfiling characters present

  Subfields: $a   Title
             $n   Number of part/section of a work (R)
             $p   Name of part/section of a work (R)
             $v   Volume number/sequential designation
             $x   International Standard Serial Number
             $6   Linkage

If on this screen you press 1, you get back to the general alphabetical index
under "series statement...", and pressing 2 gets you into the MARC tags
index at "440 ..." for further browsing.
(All indexes are browseable up and down, plus more functionality being made
evident on the menus as they come up. )

The color design of the real screen makes displays more readable.

||  C.  How to get it  ||

  <your e-mail address>
  cd formate
  get usmarc.exe

The file size is some 460.000 bytes. Use hours when Germany is sleeping.

||  D.  How to install and use  ||

Copy USMARC.EXE to any directory and start it. After it has unwrapped 
itself, say  "usm"  to use the database. On the menu coming up, select 2 
to get into the USMARC tags index, for example. Then just enter 440 to
see the context of this tag.

Since it is very compact, the database can be installed on any old PC.
Even 512K will do. You must have ANSI.SYS installed, however!
(Insert  DEVICE = C:\DOS\ANSI.SYS  into your CONFIG.SYS)

For networking, place the files on a network directory, say F:\USMARC,
then make  USM.EXE  available for everybody and install this command 
in a batch file:

    usm -d f:\usmarc

It is a DOS application but will run in DOS boxes under Windows or OS/2.
(Provided ANSI.SYS is installed there as well.)

If you want to export data:

   usm -e print/listing

The menu will then contain an extra item, "export", which will write the
current record or result set into the file LISTING.

Quick exit:  <Alt>+x

If anybody wants to put this up on another FTP server, feel free to do so
but kindly notify us of the fact. There will probably be future updates.

||  E.  Further information  ||

The database if a by-product of our format concordance project. There is
in fact a larger database, comprising UNIMARC, UKMARC, German MAB, and
other formats. Within this latter database, the latest USMARC integrated
standard is not yet up to date. (That database is on the server as well,
under FORMATE.EXE. It will be updated later this month or next.)

There are two small utilities you may want to use:

--  cset     to set an extended character set including more diacritics

--  creset   to switch back to the normal character set (table 437)


For enquiries, contact

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